A RELAÇÃO "INDIVÍDUO E SOCIEDADE" NA LITERATURA À LUZ DE GOLDMANN, NORBERT ELIAS E BOURDIEU

Autores

Palavras-chave:

Indivíduo, sociedade, Goldmann, Norbert Elias, Bourdieu

Resumo

O presente trabalho pretende abordar as contribuições de Goldmann, Norbert Elias e Bourdieu sobre a relação indivíduo e sociedade no âmbito literário; fazendo uso de alguns conceitos-chaves e teorias que marcam a trajetória de cada autor. Neste sentido, é possível perceber a relação de reflexo entre a consciência do grupo social e o imaginário do escritor, no bojo da ideia de "sujeito transindividual" de Goldmann; o uso dos conceitos de figuração e enfoque figuracional, de Norbert Elias, na análise dos romances científicos/utópicos de Wells; e as inúmeras contribuições de Bourdieu para a sociologia da literatura através de sua definição de campo de poder, habitus, e etc. Por este caminho, pode-se observar algumas posturas diferenciadas quanto às imbricações entre o "social e a literatura" e a "sociedade e o escritor".

PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Indivíduo. Sociedade. Goldmann. Norbert Elias. Bourdieu.

THE RELATION "INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIETY" IN THE LIGHT OF LITERATURE GOLDMANN, NORBERT ELIAS AND BOURDIEU

ABSTRACT

The present work intends to approach the contributions of Goldmann, Norbert Elias and Bourdieu on the relation individual and society in the literary scope; Making use of some key concepts and theories that mark the trajectory of each author. In this sense, it is possible to perceive the relation of reflection between the consciousness of the social group and the imaginary of the writer, in the bundle of the idea of "transindividual subject" of Goldmann; The use of concepts of figuration and figurative focus, by Norbert Elias, in the analysis of Wells' scientific / utopian novels; And Bourdieu's numerous contributions to the sociology of literature through his definition of the field of power, habitus, and so on. Along this path, we can observe some differentiated positions regarding the imbrications between "social and literature" and "society and writer".

KEYWORDS: Individual. Society. Goldmann. Norbert Elias. Bourdieu.

Biografia do Autor

Luana Goulart Machado, UFRRJ

Mestranda em Ciências Sociais, pela UFRRJ.

Bacharel em Ciências Sociais, UFRRJ.

Referências

BOURDIEU, Pierre. As regras da arte: gênese e estrutura do campo literário. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 1996.

BOURDIEU, Pierre. Razões práticas: sobre a teoria da ação. Papirus Editora, 1996.

BOURDIEU, Pierre. O poder simbólico. 1989.

COUTINHO, Fernanda Maria Abreu. Pierre Bourdieu e a gênese do campo literário. Revista de Letras, v. 1, n. 25, 2003.

ELIAS, Norbert. A sociedade dos indivíduos. Zahar, 1994.

_____________. ¿Cómo pueden las utopías científicas y literarias influir sobre el futuro? Disponível em: <http://www.bdigital.unal.edu.co/1364/3/02CAPI01.pdf>. Acesso em: 31 jul. 2016.

ELIAS, Norbert. O processo civilizador. Volume 2. Zahar, 1990.

FREDERICO, Celso. A sociologia da literatura de Lucien Goldmann. Estudos Avançados, v. 19, n. 54, p. 429-446, 2005.

GOLDMANN, Lucien. A sociologia da literatura: status e problemas de método. Crítica e dogmatismo na cultura moderna, p. 41-74, 1973.

GOLDMANN, Lucien. Sociologia do romance. Editora Paz e Terra, 1967.

LÖWY, Michael. Goldmann e o estruturalismo genético. Serviço Social e Sociedade, n. 21, 1986.

SUTTANA, Renato. Literatura e sociedade, mais uma vez: uma reflexão com Norbert Elias. Disponível em: < http://www.uel.br/grupo-estudo/processoscivilizadores/portugues/sitesanais/anais14/arquivos/textos/Mesa_Coordenada/Trabalhos_Completos/Renato_Suttana.pdf>

VON GOETHE, Johann Wolfgang. Os sofrimentos do jovem Werther. São Paulo: Abril, 2010.

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Publicado

2017-09-08

Como Citar

Machado, L. G. (2017). A RELAÇÃO &quot;INDIVÍDUO E SOCIEDADE&quot; NA LITERATURA À LUZ DE GOLDMANN, NORBERT ELIAS E BOURDIEU. Revista Café Com Sociologia, 6(2), 72–83. Recuperado de https://revistacafecomsociologia.com/revista/index.php/revista/article/view/703

Edição

Seção

Artigos
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PKPApplication.execute() % line   68, file: index.php